Enzymes are proteins that play a crucial role in various biological processes, including skincare. In skincare products, enzymes are often used as exfoliants or to enhance the effectiveness of other ingredients.
Here are some commonly used enzymes in skincare and their benefits:
Papain: Derived from papaya, papain is a proteolytic enzyme that helps break down proteins. It is used in exfoliating products to remove dead skin cells, promote cell turnover, and improve the skin’s texture and appearance. Our product Preparation8 uses this enzyme to help exfoliate the skin.
Bromelain: Obtained from pineapple, bromelain is another proteolytic enzyme that aids in exfoliation. It helps slough off dead skin cells, unclog pores, and reveal a smoother complexion.
Protease: This enzyme breaks down proteins and is often used in skincare products to assist with exfoliation and improve the absorption of other active ingredients.
Lipase: Lipase is an enzyme that breaks down fats and oils. It is sometimes used in skincare products to help cleanse the skin and remove excess sebum or oily residues.
Amylase: Amylase is an enzyme that breaks down complex carbohydrates. It is used in some skincare products to enhance the exfoliating properties and promote a brighter, more even skin tone.
Lactase: Lactase is an enzyme that breaks down lactose, a milk sugar. In skincare, it is sometimes used to help soothe and calm the skin, especially in products formulated for individuals with lactose intolerance or sensitive skin.
Enzymes derived from fruits: Various fruits contain natural enzymes that offer exfoliating properties. Examples include pumpkin enzymes (from pumpkin), pineapple enzymes (from pineapple), and kiwi enzymes (from kiwi). These enzymes help remove dead skin cells, refine the skin’s texture, and provide a radiant complexion.
It’s important to note that skincare products containing enzymes should be used according to the manufacturer’s instructions and in moderation. Some individuals may have sensitivities or allergies to specific enzymes, so patch testing is recommended before using new products. If you have any concerns or specific skin conditions, it’s always a good idea to consult with a dermatologist or skincare professional.